Glaucoma is not just one eye disease, but multiple eye diseases that have the ability to cause vision loss and affect the optic nerve. If you are looking into getting eye exams in Cape Cod, MA, and are suffering from any of these symptoms, it is important to bring them to your physician’s attention.
Generally speaking, the majority of these diseases harvest inflated pressure inside of the eye. Referred to as intraocular pressure (IOP), this usually can range from 10-21mm Hg and is measured in millimeters of mercury. When factoring in the most important risks in the development of glaucoma, an elevated IOP tops the list.
Being diagnosed with IOP does not necessarily mean you have glaucoma, but it absolutely means that you should take the necessary precautions and see a physician who specializes in surgery and eye care. When factoring in this information, it makes it even more imperative that as one gets older, they make sure to make annual trips to get eye exams in Cape Cod.
One of the more troubling things about glaucoma is that most people who suffer from it do not realize or notice that something is going wrong until they begin to experience significant vision loss. Blind spots will begin to develop when the optic nerve fibers are damaged by glaucoma. These spots generally arise and impact the side or peripheral vision. Blindness will result when the entire optic nerve is compromised.
When Glaucoma settles in, it creates enhanced pressure within the eyes. For those with normal eyes who begin suffering from Glaucoma, a common element that is produced is a clear fluid that is called the aqueous humor. Typically, this fluid originates in the front part of the eye and will drain out of the eye through an area that is called the canal of Schlemm. The Aqueous humor is vitally important in the overall function of the eye because it produces, oxygen, structural support and nutrition to tissues within the eye.
There are eye drops that have proven to be effective in the treatment of glaucoma. Beta-adrenergic antagonists have proven to be the most effective, as they can act against or block adrenalin-like substances. Because they are able to slow down the production of the aqueous humor, they have been effective in the treatment of glaucoma. While these type of eye drops have been the most well known in treating glaucoma, other medications like carteolol (Ocupress), levobunolo (Betagan), timolol (Timoptic) and metipranolol (Optipranolol) have also proved to be good in battling against the symptoms of glaucoma.
When applied one to two times per day, these drops have proven to be effective in the battle against glaucoma, but they also have been proven to produce some side effects like fatigue and low blood pressure.
There are effective measures one can take against glaucoma and other eye diseases, but, first and foremost, it is most important that one regularly sees a physician to get an eye exam. Catching glaucoma early is the key to managing it moving forward.